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VOLUME 13 , ISSUE 2 ( July-December, 2023 ) > List of Articles


A Narrative Review on the Specific Pattern of HBV Genotype in Bangladesh: Clinical Implications for Management

Ruksana Raihan, Sheikh Mohammad Fazle Akbar

Keywords : Chronic hepatitis B, Liver cancer, Liver cirrhosis

Citation Information : Raihan R, Akbar SM. A Narrative Review on the Specific Pattern of HBV Genotype in Bangladesh: Clinical Implications for Management. Euroasian J Hepatogastroenterol 2023; 13 (2):152-158.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10018-1412

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 26-12-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Background and aims: Bangladesh's unique epidemiological landscape presents an intriguing puzzle. This South Asian nation, with its complex sociodemographic and environmental factors, is home to a diverse array of hepatitis-B virus (HBV) genotypes, identified as Genotype C, with Genotypes D and A also making a significant contribution to the viral landscape. Reviewing such insights is necessary not only to underscore the country's regional diversity in HBV strains but also to bring into focus the clinical implications these genetic variations may have on disease progression and management. Methods: A thorough database search covered various sources using relevant keywords like “Hepatitis B virus genotypes”, “HBV genotypes in Bangladesh”, and “HBV clinical implications”. The review synthesized findings and analyzed HBV genotype prevalence and clinical implications in Bangladesh. Results: Genotypes C and D collectively represent 82% of chronic hepatitis-B infection (CHB) cases in Bangladesh, underscoring their regional prevalence. The geographic context is pivotal in understanding HBV infection dynamics and disease progression in this area. Notably, genotype C and the presence of A1762T/G1764A mutations appear to have a distinct impact on disease development, potentially affecting the immune response in CHB patients. This highlights the need for tailored management approaches in this specific region. Further research is vital to confirm and elaborate on these findings, particularly in relation to how these mutations influence the host's immune response. Conclusion and clinical significance: In summary, studies on HBV genotypes in Bangladesh stress the need for genotype-specific clinical considerations and more research to improve diagnostics and therapies.

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