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VOLUME 13 , ISSUE 2 ( July-December, 2023 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Symptoms and Prevalence of Constipation among Adult Population of Bangladesh

Dilip Kumar Ghosh, Debashis Kumar Sarkar, Mukta Nath, Parash Ullah, Mohammad Faiz Ahmad Khondaker, Shamsuddin Al Masud Chowdhury, Mohammad Mahmuduzzaman

Keywords : Bangladesh, Bristol's criteria, Constipation, Prevalence, Rome III criteria, Self-reported perception

Citation Information : Ghosh DK, Sarkar DK, Nath M, Ullah P, Khondaker MF, Chowdhury SA, Mahmuduzzaman M. Symptoms and Prevalence of Constipation among Adult Population of Bangladesh. Euroasian J Hepatogastroenterol 2023; 13 (2):45-49.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10018-1393

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 26-12-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Background: Constipation is one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders. The prevalence of constipation is rapidly increasing globally. It has adverse effects on the patient's quality of life including productivity and results in a high financial hardship on the healthcare system. The aim of the study was to estimate the symptoms and prevalence of constipation among the adult population of Bangladesh. Materials and methods: It was a cross-sectional observational study based on a structured questionnaire and a checklist. In this study, three criteria were used for the diagnosis of chronic constipation (self-reported perception, Rome III criteria, and Bristol's criteria). The study was conducted among 1,550 population between July 2019 and December 2019. Result: The study population consisted of 1,550 respondents, among them 41.61% male and 58.39% female, and the mean age was 32.71 ± 9.72 years. In the study, 12.2% of the population was categorized to have constipation according to self-reported perception, 11.2% according to Rome III, and 10.3% reported to have been suffering from constipation according to Bristol chart. Female gender tends to have a greater prevalence than male. In multivariate analysis for constipation, betel nut chewer, alcohol consumer, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, GI surgery, and bronchial asthma were significantly (p < 0.001) associated with constipation. According to Bristol's criteria, the most common stool form was Type III (sausage-shaped with cracked surface) among the Bangladeshi population in this study. Conclusion: Chronic constipation is a common problem worldwide. The findings of this study suggest that there is a high prevalence of constipation among the general population of Bangladesh. Decreasing modifiable risk factors of constipation can reduce its prevalence and burden of the disease. Bangladesh is markedly deficient in literature citing constipation prevalence and determinants. These findings may commence a call for setting priority as one of the major public health problems and demanding attention for both at the clinical and community levels.

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