Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology

Register      Login

VOLUME 4 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2014 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Epidemiology of Hepatitis E Virus in an Urban Community in Dhaka City

Salimur Rahman, Munira Jahan, Shahina Tabassum

Citation Information : Rahman S, Jahan M, Tabassum S. Epidemiology of Hepatitis E Virus in an Urban Community in Dhaka City. Euroasian J Hepatogastroenterol 2014; 4 (1):4-6.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10018-1087

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-01-2014


Abstract

of acute hepatitis E occur in this country almost regularly. Although the real magnitude of HEV prevalence has not been documented in Bangladesh, HEV infections and HEV-related acute hepatitis of Bangladeshi origin have been reported from different parts of the world. Methods: The study was conducted in Mirpur area of Dhaka city, which is a major residential area of the capital of Bangladesh. Three hundred adults were randomly included in the study. None had any history of jaundice or complains of liver diseases. Results: The study revealed 30% prevalence of HEV in this population. The prevalence increased with age, but there was no gender difference. Conclusion: HEV is a highly prevalent disease in Bangladesh as elsewhere in the developing world. Since there is no specific treatment for HEV, improvement of personal hygiene and ensuring supply of safe food and drinking water remain most important approach to sustain the virus.


PDF Share
  1. Péron JM, Mansuy JM, Izopet J, Vinel JP. (Hepatitis E virus: an emerging disease). Sante 2006 Oct-Dec;16(4):239-243
  2. Phylogenetic analysis of hepatitis E virus isolates from Egypt. J Med Virol 1999 Jan;57(1):68-74
  3. A divergent genotype of hepatitis E virus in Chinese patients with acute hepatitis. J Gen Virol 1999 Jan;80(Pt 1):| 169-177
  4. Novel hepatitis E virus (HEV) isolates from Europe: evidence for additional genotypes of HEV. J Med Virol 1999 Mar;57(3):243-251
  5. Balayan MS, Andjaparidze AG, Savinskaya SS, et al. Evidence for a virus in non-A, non-B hepatitis transmitted via the fecal-oral route. Intervirology 1983;20(1):23-31
  6. Hepatitis E: review. Gastroenterol Jpn. 1992 Oct;27(5):687-696
  7. Hepatitis E virus infection in haemodialysis patients: a case-control study in Saudi Arabia. J Med Virol 2002 Mar;66(3):329-334
  8. Analysis of the complete genome of indigenous swine hepatitis E virus isolated in Japan. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2001 Dec 21;289(5):929-936
  9. Identity of a novel swine hepatitis E virus in Taiwan forming a monophyletic group with Taiwan isolates of human hepatitis E virus. J Clin Microbiol 1999 Dec;37(12):3828-3834
  10. A novel virus in swine is closely related to the human hepatitis E virus. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1997 Sep;94(18):9860-9865
  11. HEV infection as an aetiologic factor for acute hepatitis: experience from a tertiary hospital in Bangladesh. J Health Popul Nutr 2009 Feb;27(1):14-19
  12. Hepatitis e virus infection in fulminant hepatitis patients and an apparently healthy population in Bangladesh. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2002 Jun;66(6):721-724
  13. Natural course of fulminant hepatic failure: the scenario in Bangladesh and the differences from the west. Saudi J Gastroenterol 2009 Oct-Dec;15(4):229-233
  14. Hepatitis E virus is a leading cause of acute-on-chronic liver disease: experience from a tertiary centre in Bangladesh. Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int 2009 Feb;8(1):50-52
  15. Population seroprevalence of hepatitis E virus antibodies in rural Bangladesh.Am J Trop Med Hyg 2009 Nov;81(5):875-881
  16. Hepatitis E in The Netherlands: imported and endemic. Lancet 1993 Mar;27;341(8848):826
  17. A pediatric patient with acute hepatitis E in Japan. J Infect Chemother 2008 Oct;14(5):374-376
  18. Imported and autochthonous hepatitis E virus strains in Spain. J Med Virol 2009 Oct;81(10):1743-1749
  19. Hepatitis E virus in Italy: molecular analysis of travel-related and autochthonous cases. J Gen Virol 2011 Jul;92(Pt 7):1617-1626
  20. Hepatitis E in Italy: a long-term prospective study. J Hepatol 2011 Jan;54(1):34-40
  21. A cluster of acute hepatitis E infection in United Nations Bangladeshi peacekeepers in Haiti. Am J Trop Med Hyg 1997 Oct;57(4):449-454
  22. Seroprevalence of hepatitis E virus among United Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMIH) peacekeepers, 1995. Am J Trop Med Hyg 1998 Jun; 58(6):731-736.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.