Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology

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VOLUME 4 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2014 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Hepatoprotective and Antioxidant Effect of Mangifera Indica Leaf Extracts against Mercuric Chlorideinduced Liver Toxicity in Mice

Muthupillai Karuppanan, Manigandan Krishnan, Pavankumar Padarthi, Elangovan Namasivayam

Citation Information : Karuppanan M, Krishnan M, Padarthi P, Namasivayam E. Hepatoprotective and Antioxidant Effect of Mangifera Indica Leaf Extracts against Mercuric Chlorideinduced Liver Toxicity in Mice. Euroasian J Hepatogastroenterol 2014; 4 (1):18-24.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10018-1091

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-01-2014


Abstract

Background: To explore the antioxidant and hepatoprotective effect of ethanolic Mangifera indica (EMI) and methanolic Mangifera indica (MMI) leaf extracts in mercuric chloride (HgCl2) induced toxicity in Swiss albino mice. Materials and methods: Toxicity in mice was induced with HgCl2 (5.0 mg/kg, i.p.), followed by oral intervention with EMI and MMI extracts (25 mg and 50 mg/kg. body wt.) for 30 days. Results and discussion: The extent of liver damage was assessed from the extents of histopathological, morphological, antioxidant and liver enzymes. Mercuric chloride-induced mice showed an increased cellular damage whereas leaf extracts of EMI and MMI-treated mice showed recovery of damaged hepatocytes. Mercuric chloride intoxicated mice exhibited a significant (p < 0.05) elevation in the liver enzymes (Aspartate amino transferase and Alanine amino transferase) and gradual decline in the cellular radical scavenging enzyme levels (Catalase, Glutathione-s-transferase and Glutathione peroxidase. The combined treatment with EMI and MMI leaf extracts significantly (p < 0.05) reversed these parameters. However, the effects of MMI leaf extract (50 mg/kg) were superior to those of EMI- treated mice possibly due to its potent radical scavenging property. These results suggest that oral supplementation of Mangifera indica extract remarkably reduces hepatotoxicity in mice possibly through its antioxidant potentials.


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