Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology
Volume 11 | Issue 1 | Year 2021

Cold Snare Papillectomy for Re-redo Endoscopic Resection of a Defiant Adenoma Recurrence with a Unique Growth Pattern

Vincent Zimmer1,2, Kai Emrich3

1Department of Medicine II, Saarland University Medical Center, Homburg, Germany

2Department of Medicine, Marienhausklinik St. Josef Kohlhof, Neunkirchen, Germany

3Department of Medicine, Institute of Pathology, Saarbrücken-Rastpfuhl, Saarbrücken, Germany

Address reprint requests to: Vincent Zimmer, Department of Medicine II, Saarland University Medical Center, Homburg, Germany, Phone: +496841173755, e-mail:

How to cite this article: Zimmer V, Emrich K. Cold Snare Papillectomy for Re-redo Endoscopic Resection of a Defiant Adenoma Recurrence with a Unique Growth Pattern. Euroasian J Hepato-Gastroenterol 2021;11(1):43–44.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


Endoscopic papillectomy has become the mainstay treatment in early papillary neoplasia. However, local recurrence remains the Achilles heel of the procedure due to the complex anatomy and limited ductal involvement unappreciated on endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and/or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). While re-do papillectomy is, in general, technically feasible and widely accepted to treat recurrent adenoma, re-redo procedures to this end have rarely been reported. Likewise, utilization of cold snare technology is rarely considered in papillectomy and has, in fact, only once been reported in the literature before. We present a unique clinical case with a highly atypical growth pattern with a bonnet-like pedunculated lesion with a small insertion point just at the pancreatic duct orifice treated by re-redo cold snare papillectomy.

Keywords: Ampullary adenoma, Cholangiopancreatography, Cold snare, Endoscopic resection, Endoscopic retrograde patient, Papillectomy.


An 83-year-old female patient presented for endoscopic follow-up after two uncomplicated en bloc papillectomies 24 and 12 months before using conventional diathermic snare resection with a macroscopic impression of R0 resection. However, histopathology described low-grade adenoma with uncertain margins in both specimens. Preinterventional endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) examinations did not yield evidence for either biliary or pancreatic ductal invasion at the time. Unexpectedly, the recent duodenoscopy indicated repeat recurrence (Fig. 1A). However, manipulation with a Dormia basket catheter for biliary stone extraction detected on a preceding cholangiogram demonstrated an atypical growth pattern of the bonnet-like mobile, partly rotatable lesion estimated at 8 mm with a pedunculated appearance, while both duct orifices were to be cannulated freely (Suppl. Video). Given these uncommon findings and with a view to the most likely recurrence insertion point between the ductal openings, cold snare resection was chosen to limit delayed complications such as hemorrhage as well as transmural and/or pancreatic duct injury (Fig. 1B). After specimen retrieval, minor bleeding was noted (Fig. 1C), ceasing rapidly with a putative bleeding point or resection line at or just from within the pancreatic duct orifice (Fig. 1D). The procedure was terminated by gently flushing some more blood from the distal pancreatic duct and insertion of a 4-Fr prophylactic pancreatic stent (Fig. 1E) and biopsy taken from the suspicious area (Fig. 1F). The postinterventional course was unremarkable without postinterventional pain and/or pancreatic enzyme dynamics. Histopathology indicated low-grade adenoma of the papillectomy specimen and nonspecific findings from targeted biopsies. Closer surveillance with optional argon plasma coagulation around the pancreatic duct opening and/or limited ductal radiofrequency ablation treatment was scheduled three months later.1 Recurrence remains the Achilles heel in endoscopic papillectomy due to the complex- related anatomy.2 Cold snare papillectomy, albeit not systematically studied, represents a novel principle and may have a role in selected lesions and clinical settings.3

Figs. 1A to F: (A) Duodenoscopy indicating repeat adenoma recurrence after two conventional “hot” en bloc papillectomies. (B) Successful cold snare papillectomy (compare Suppl. Video) with histopathology confirming low-grade adenoma with unclear margins. (C) Discrete initial bleeding tendency that rapidly ceased spontaneously. (D) Putative bleeding point or recurrence insertion point at and putatively from within the pancreatic duct opening. (E) Insertion of prophylactic 4-Fr pancreatic duct pigtail stent after gently flushing blood from the distal pancreatic duct (not shown). (F) Targeted biopsies from the area without pathological proof of residual adenoma


Vincent Zimmer


1. Rustagi T, Irani S, Reddy DN, et al. Radiofrequency ablation for intraductal extension of ampullary neoplasms. Gastrointest Endosc 2017;86(1):170–176. DOI: 10.1016/j.gie.2016.11.002.

2. Fritzsche JA, Klein A, Beekman MJ, et al. Endoscopic papillectomy; a retrospective international multicenter cohort study with long-term follow-up. Surg Endosc 2020. DOI: 10.1007/s00464-020-08126-x.

3. Nakshabendi R, James TW, Baron TH. Cold snare piecemeal resection of a large ampullary adenoma. Endoscopy 2020;53(1):E3–E4. DOI: 10.1055/a-1167-7834.

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