Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology

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VOLUME 9 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2019 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Surgeon\'s Definition of Complicated Appendicitis: A Prospective Video Survey Study

Maxime Mariage, Charles Sabbagh, Gerard Grelpois, Flavien Prevot, Ilan Darmon, Jean-Marc Regimbeau

Keywords : Appendicitis, Generalized, Localized, Peritonitis

Citation Information : Mariage M, Sabbagh C, Grelpois G, Prevot F, Darmon I, Regimbeau J. Surgeon\'s Definition of Complicated Appendicitis: A Prospective Video Survey Study. Euroasian J Hepatogastroenterol 2019; 9 (1):1-4.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10018-1286

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-06-2019

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2019; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim: Definition of the type of appendicitis is based on examination of the peritoneum and appendix. Gomes et al. proposed a laparoscopic grading system of acute appendicitis (grades 1 and 2, noncomplicated appendicitis, grade 3–5 complicated appendicitis). The aim of this study was to evaluate the reproducibility of this score. Patients and methods: All patients managed for acute appendicitis between January 2016 and June 2016 were included in this single-center prospective study. Laparoscopic appendectomy procedures were filmed by analogy to Sugerbaker\'s peritoneal carcinomatosis score (9 quadrants, all of the abdomen was filmed). The videos were then analyzed by seven staff surgeons blinded to each other and the operative report. The primary endpoint was to determine the concordance between staff surgeons for grading of appendicitis using the laparoscopic grading system of acute appendicitis described by Gomes et al. Results: A total of 40 patients were included in this study. A concordance was observed between the seven staff surgeons in 85% of cases. For regional peritonitis, the mean ± (SD) number of quadrants in which the staff surgeons reported signs of peritonitis was 1.44 ± 0.63. For diffuse peritonitis, the mean (SD) number of quadrants in which the staff surgeons reported signs of peritonitis was 2.59 ± 0.51. On ROC curve analysis, two quadrants was the best cut-off between grade 4B (local peritonitis) and five (diffuse peritonitis) acute appendicitis (AUC = 0.92, Se = 100%, Sp = 92%, p = 0.005). Conclusion: The classification used to determine the type of appendicitis is reproducible. Clinical significance: To give a definition of complicated appendicitis.


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