Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology

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VOLUME 6 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2016 ) > List of Articles

MINI REVIEW

Viral Hepatitis in Cambodia: Past, Present, and Future

ENG Huot, Bun Sreng, Sophal, Sok Srun, Chham Samnang

Citation Information : Huot E, Sreng B, S, Srun S, Samnang C. Viral Hepatitis in Cambodia: Past, Present, and Future. Euroasian J Hepatogastroenterol 2016; 6 (1):45-48.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10018-1165

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-01-2016


Abstract

The prevalence of viral hepatitis represents Cambodia as 1 of the highest endemic countries in the world. But the prevalence of viral hepatitis B among 5-year-olds is on a decreasing trend due to the effect of nationwide vaccination against hepatitis B. There are key interventions to address viral hepatitis by the Cambodian Ministry of Health. There are so far no comprehensive national guidelines for the prevention, care, and treatment of viral hepatitis. In 2014, the coverage of hepatitis B vaccine at birth and HepB3 vaccine was very high, at 87 and 97% respectively. Other interventions include the screening of viral hepatitis B and C among blood donors; the enhancement of infection prevention and control at health facilities; the program for People Who Use Drugs (PWUDs) and People Who Inject Drugs (PWIDs); control and prevention of HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs); and improved sanitation, clean water, and food safety. The diagnosis of viral hepatitis B and C could be made only at the national and provincial referral hospitals and there are no specific antiviral therapies for people who are infected with hepatitis B and C.


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