Mongolia which is located in Northern Asia between Russia and China is endowed with one of lowest
population density in the world. Acute hepatitis due all types of hepatitis virus has been reported in
Mongolia. Also, dual and triple hepatitis viruses, HBV, HDV and HCV are highly prevalent among
patients with chronic liver disease living in Mongolia. Due to these facts, liver cancer is the leading
cause of cancer mortality in Mongolia. The national immunization program including vaccination
against hepatitis B was started in 1991 and screening of blood donations for HBsAg and anti-HCV
was introduced in 1993 and 1997 respectively. The incidence of hepatitis viruses showing a downhill
course in some parts of Mongolia, but comprehensive efforts are needed to control hepatitis viruses
and containment of hepatitis related liver diseases and liver cancer in Mongolia.
Tsatsralt-Od B, Takahashi M, Nishizawa T, Inoue J, Ulaankhuu D, Okamoto H. High prevalence of hepatitis B, C and delta virus infections among blood donors in Mongolia. Arch Virol 2005;150:2513-2528
Available at: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-worldfactbook/ geos/mg.html
High prevalence of dual or triple infection of hepatitis B, C, and delta viruses among patients with chronic liver disease in Mongolia. J Med Virol 2005;77(4):491-499. Epidemiology of Viral Hepatitis and Liver Diseases in Mongolia Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology, January-June 2015;5(1):37-39 39 EJOHG 4. Takahashi M, Nishizawa T, Gotanda Y, Tsuda F, Komatsu F, Kawabata T, et al. High prevalence of antibodies to hepatitis A and E viruses and viremia of hepatitis B, D and D viruses among apparently healthy populations in Mongolia. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol 2004;11(2):392-398
Infection with hepatitis A, B, C, and delta viruses among patients with acute hepatitis in Mongolia. J Med Virol 2006;78(5):542-550
Comparison of hepatitis A and E virus infections among healthy children in Mongolia: evidence for infection with a subgenotype IA HAV in children. J Med Virol 2007;79:18-25
Analysis of the full-length genome of hepatitis E virus isolates obtained from farm pigs in Mongolia. J Med Virol 2007;79:1128-1137.