Diverse Indian population provides an excellent opportunity to study the prevalence and feature
of hepatitis virus for understanding viral evaluation and viral pathogenesis. India is in intermediate
zone of pathogenesis of hepatitis B (2-5%), and India is having around 40 million hepatitis B virus
(HBV) carriers. A wide variation in prevalence of hepatitis B is observed from region to region and
community to community. The prevalence of HBV is higher among tribal population, than nontribal.
Population prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in India is 1%. Prevalence study among
blood donors may reflect population prevalence. Hemodialysis increases the possibility of blood
borne viral infection. Higher prevalence of HBV among tribal population is of paramount importance
from public health point of view and hepatitis B vaccination.
Hepatitis B. Fact sheets WHO. Available at: http://www.who. int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs204/en. Table 1: Prevalence of hepatitis B among tribal groups of India State Tribe HBsAg (%) Reference Tripura Chakma 11.41 Unpublished data Reang 7.69 Noatia 6.09 Murasing 5.15 Andaman and Nicobar Islands Onges 31 Murhekar MV et al (2000) Nicobarese 23.3 Shompens 37.8 Jarawas 65.6 Murhekar MV et al (2003) Madhya Pradesh Baiga 4.4 Reddy PH et al (1995) Halbas 3 Joshi SH et al (1990) Gonds 13 Kawars 10.3 Oraons 8.5 Bhils 18.4 Bhilals 18.9 Barelas 17.7 Tamil Nadu Tribes of Kolli Hills 1.86 Kalaivani V et al (2001) Ladakh Ladakhis 9.72 Dutta RN et al (1975) Andhra Pradesh Lambada 5.2 Chandra M et al (2003) Arunachal Pradesh Tribal 8.5 Prasad SR et al (1983) Maharashtra Raj Gond 28.03 Mukharjee M et al (1990) Kolam 14.15 Naik Gond 9.52 Pradhan 6.98 Jharkhand Paharia 2 Ghosh S et al (2010) Pradeep Bhaumik 36 2. National Centre for Disease Control India. News letter 2014 Jan-Mar;3(1)
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Hepatitis C virus infection in the general population: a community-based study in West Bengal, India. Hepatology 2003 Apr;37(4):802-809
Prevalence, risk factors and genotype distribution of HCV and HBV infection in the tribal population: a community based study in south India. Trop Gastroenterol 2003 Oct-Dec;24(4):193-195
Prevalence of hepatitis B and C among hemodialysis patients of Tripura, India. Euroasian J Hepato-Gastroenterol 2012;2(1):10-13.