Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology

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VOLUME 5 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2015 ) > List of Articles

MINI REVIEW

Epidemiology of Viral Hepatitis and Liver Diseases in Cambodia

Bun Sreng, HOK Kimcheng, LY Sovann, ENG Huot

Citation Information : Sreng B, Kimcheng H, Sovann L, Huot E. Epidemiology of Viral Hepatitis and Liver Diseases in Cambodia. Euroasian J Hepatogastroenterol 2015; 5 (1):30-33.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10018-1125

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-01-2015


Abstract

In Cambodia, the true burden of viral hepatitis has not been revealed, but many surveys were carried out focusing on specific population or on small scales. Different markers of viral hepatitis were found between 27 and 97% in children and almost 100% in adults. Viral hepatitis B in children was 3.5% in 2006 and dropped in 2011; and in adults, it ranged from 4.5 to 10.8%. Viral hepatitis C was between 0.87 and 14.7%. No data are available for hepatitis D in the country. Viral hepatitis E (anti-HEV IgG) went from 7.2 to 12.7%. The complications due to viral hepatitis including chronic liver diseases and hepatocellular carcinoma were reported in the health information system. Around 79% of the patients with high transaminase had at least one viral marker and about 45% of the adults with chronic hepatitis and liver cirrhosis were positive for Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). Hepatocellular carcinoma accounted for 19.1% of all reported cancer cases. Hepatitis B surface antigen was found in between 55 and 90% in adults with hepatocellular carcinoma and anti-HCV in one-fourth. The only intervention implemented in Cambodia is vaccination against viral hepatitis B (HepB vaccine).


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