Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology

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VOLUME 4 , ISSUE 2 ( July-December, 2014 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Nucleoside Analog-treated Chronic Hepatitis B Patients showed Reduced Expression of PECAM-1 Gene in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells in Bangladesh

Shahina Tabassum, Nusrat Sultana, Saif Ullah Munshi, Marufa Hossain, Akhter Imam

Citation Information : Tabassum S, Sultana N, Ullah Munshi S, Hossain M, Imam A. Nucleoside Analog-treated Chronic Hepatitis B Patients showed Reduced Expression of PECAM-1 Gene in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells in Bangladesh. Euroasian J Hepatogastroenterol 2014; 4 (2):87-91.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10018-1108

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-07-2014


Abstract

Background and aim: Assessment of therapeutic response is important for monitoring the prognosis and to take decision for cessation of nucleoside analogues therapy in chronic hepatitis B patients. In addition to serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), hepatitis B virus (HBV) deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) load and HBeAg status, identification of molecular markers associated with host immune response would be essential to assess therapeutic response. In this regard the current study was performed with the aim to detect expression of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule (PECAM)-1 gene in peripheral blood monocytes (PBMCs) of treated chronic hepatitis B patients and also to correlate expression of this gene with serum HBV DNA load and serum ALT levels. Materials and methods: The study analyzed 60 chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients, including 30 untreated and 30 nucleoside analogs treated and 10 healthy controls. PECAM-1 gene expression/ transcripts were detected by conventional RT-PCR. Results: The expression PECAM-1 mRNA in the PBMCs of CHB patients was significantly higher in untreated (3.17 ± 0.75) than the treated patients (1.64 ± 0.29) (p < 0.01). Expression of PECAM-1 was positively correlated with serum ALT levels of both untreated (r = 0.580) and treated (r = 0.566) CHB patients. Moreover, in both untreated and treated groups, these gene expressions were positively correlated to serum HBV DNA load with the correlation coefficient r = 0.545 and r = 0.591 respectively. Conclusion: PECAM-1 may be used as a biomarker for assessment of inflammatory activity as well as therapeutic response in CHB patients.


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