Euroasian journal of hepato-gastroenterology

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VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2024 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Early Postoperative Small Bowel Obstruction after Colorectal Surgery: Incidence and Exploratory Analysis of Potential Risk Factors

Bilal Ahmad, Mohd Fazlulhaq, Mubashir Ah Shah, Fazlul Q Parray, Gowhar Aziz Bhat, Rauf Ah Wani

Keywords : Abdominal surgeries, Acute abdomen, Colorectal surgery, Early postoperative small bowel obstruction, Gut obstruction, Laparotomy

Citation Information : Ahmad B, Fazlulhaq M, Shah MA, Parray FQ, Bhat GA, Wani RA. Early Postoperative Small Bowel Obstruction after Colorectal Surgery: Incidence and Exploratory Analysis of Potential Risk Factors. Euroasian J Hepatogastroenterol 2024; 14 (1):70-74.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10018-1423

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 12-06-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Abstract

Background: Early postoperative small bowel obstruction (EPSBO) is a common complication following colorectal surgery, which can significantly impact patient outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the incidence of EPSBO and identify potential risk factors among patients who underwent colorectal surgery. Methods: A descriptive study was conducted on a cohort of 100 patients who underwent colorectal surgery at a tertiary center at SKIMS, Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir, India. Descriptive, bivariate, and predictive screening analyses were performed to examine patient characteristics, assess association between different relevant variables and EPSBO, and identify significant predictors, respectively. Results: Our study included a total of 100 patients, with a mean age of 50.39 years. Postsurgery, 11% of the individuals in the cohort developed EPSBO. Early postoperative small bowel obstruction developed around 4.30 days after surgery, and radiographic data revealed dilated gut loops in 72.70% of EPSBO cases. Bivariate analysis revealed significant association between EPSBO and variables such as previously operated, medical comorbidities, smoking status, anemia, neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACRT), bowel preparation, operative procedure, surgery duration, and type of anastomosis (p < 0.05). History of previous bowel habits, previously operated, perioperative bowel preparation, and blood transfusion were identified as the most influential predictors of EPSBO in the predictive screening study. Conclusion: This study provides insights into the incidence of EPSBO and its potential risk factors for postcolorectal surgery among patients. The findings emphasize the need to take the patient's history of past bowel habits and other factors into account when determining the risk of EPSBO. Future studies should go deeper into these correlations and consider treatments to reduce the occurrence of EPSBO in this patient population.


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