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VOLUME 13 , ISSUE 2 ( July-December, 2023 ) > List of Articles
Romman Fatima, Viquasuddin Mohammed, Afra Fatima, Syed Ilyaz
Keywords : Autoimmune hepatitis, Bilirubin, Biopsy, Case report, Cirrhosis of the liver
Citation Information : Fatima R, Mohammed V, Fatima A, Ilyaz S. Case of Autoimmune Hepatitis. Euroasian J Hepatogastroenterol 2023; 13 (2):166-168.
License: CC BY-NC 4.0
Published Online: 26-12-2023
Copyright Statement: Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).
Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) accounts for cases of chronic liver disease with greater incidence in females than males. It has a bimodal distribution in the age group peaking around pubertal periods and later in the fourth to sixth decade of life. It is characterized by continual hepatocellular inflammation and necrosis which bears the potential to progress to fibrosis and cirrhosis. Approximately a third of the patients manifest with features of acute hepatitis while some patients may progress to chronic liver disease with acute liver failure manifesting in the form of jaundice and coagulopathy. Management has long involved administration of corticosteroids alone or in association with other immunosuppressants like azathioprine to achieve long-term remission. Response to therapy is significantly variable as few patients achieve remission while some may relapse, thereby becoming candidates requiring lifelong therapy. It can either present as insidious onset or acute with manifestations ranging broadly from fatigue malaise, lethargy right upper quadrant pain weight loss anorexia, and jaundice, where up to one-third of patients may have progressed to frank cirrhosis at the time of diagnosis. A 62-year female presented with complaints of facial puffiness more around the eyes, associated with profoundly reduced appetite, yellowish discoloration of the skin, conjunctiva since 1 month, and sudden onset generalized itching not associated with fever, joint pains, weight loss, vomiting, loose stools, rash, or bleeding manifestations. She was admitted for further evaluation and workup. Liver function test revealed predominant unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia with direct bilirubin of 0.7 mg/dL and indirect bilirubin of 1.6 mg/day and transaminitis. Further investigations showed significantly elevated immunoglobulin G (IgG) and 1:80 titer of antinuclear antibodies (ANAs). In view of the high suspicion of autoimmune etiologies, the patient was subjected to a liver biopsy that confirmed cirrhosis with moderate interface hepatitis in the background of negative viral serologies and substance abuse history. She was started on a steroid course on a monthly follow-up basis to ensure biochemical remission.