Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology

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VOLUME 10 , ISSUE 2 ( July-December, 2020 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Extraordinary Survival Benefits of Severe and Critical Patients with COVID-19 by Immune Modulators: The Outcome of a Clinical Trial in Bangladesh

Md Azizul Islam, Masudul A Mazumder, Neelima Akhter, AKM Faizul Huq, Mamun Al-Mahtab, Md Sakirul I Khan, Sheikh MF Akbar

Keywords : Bangladesh, Bevacizumab, COVID-19, Immune modulators, Severe and critical COVID, Tocilizumab

Citation Information : Islam MA, Mazumder MA, Akhter N, Huq AF, Al-Mahtab M, Khan MS, Akbar SM. Extraordinary Survival Benefits of Severe and Critical Patients with COVID-19 by Immune Modulators: The Outcome of a Clinical Trial in Bangladesh. Euroasian J Hepatogastroenterol 2020; 10 (2):68-75.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10018-1327

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 06-01-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background: Coronavirus disease (COVID)-19 has devasted the healthcare delivery system as well as social establishments of almost all countries of the world. However, vaccines for containing new cases of COVID-19 are yet to be realized. Also, presently available antiviral drugs and other standard of care (SOC) management strategies could not satisfactorily control COVID-19-related mortality, which has crossed the one million mark during the last 9 months. These facts present an emergent need for developing new, novel, and evolving therapeutic strategies for the management of COVID-19. Aim and objective: This cohort study represents a clinical trial in real-life situations in Bangladesh where two immune modulators were applied in patients with severe and critical COVID-19 patients. Materials and methods: A total of 199 confirmed patients of COVID-19 were enrolled in this study. All of them had severe and critical COVID-19 and they were hospitalized at the intensive care unit (ICU) of the Combined Military Hospital (CMH), Dhaka, Bangladesh. All patients were positive for SARS-CoV-2 by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of the nasal swab and they were endowed with severe pneumonia, multiple organ dysfunctions, and coagulopathy. The median percentage of lung involvement was 65%. The mean oxygen saturation was 83%. The patients received two immune modulators (tocilizumab and bevacizumab) in different combinations to retrieve broader insights about the safety and efficacy of immune modulators in COVID-19 management. Results: Out of the total 199 patients, 122 survived and 77 expired. A single dose of tocilizumab resulted in the survival of 71.5% (73 of 102 COVID-19 patients). On the other hand, a dramatic survival benefit was found in patients receiving bevacizumab (92%). Conclusion: The study indicates that active treatment should be started as early as possible for COVID-19 patients as moderate COVID-patients may progress to more severe illnesses with grave consequences. The safety of two immune modulators has been recorded in this cohort of severe and critical COVID-19 patients. In order to have a proper use of these immune modulators, there is a need to accomplish controlled, blinded, and large-scale prospective studies with at least two arms.


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